Vladimir Putin Start Biography was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad. “I come from a simple family, and I lived this life for a very long time, almost my entire conscious life. I lived like an ordinary normal person, and I always have this connection, ”Putin recalls.
- 1 Mother Maria Ivanovna
- 2 Father Vladimir Spiridonovich
- 3 Postwar years
- 4 1960s
- 5 Teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich
- 6 Search for priorities
- 7 Potential, energy, character
- 8 1970s
- 9 Sailor? Pilot? Scout
- 10 Other Incentives, Other Values
- 11 State Security Bodies
- 12 1980s
- 13 Wife Lyudmila
- 14 Daughters Maria and Katerina
- 15 Dresden
- 16 1990s
- 17 Moscow. Premier with perspective
- 18 Acting President of the Russian Federation
- 19 2000s
- 20 President of Russian Federation
- 21 Elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term
- 22 Appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation
- 23 2010s
- 24 under personal control
- 25 social measures
- 26 As President, 2012–2018
- 27 May Decrees
- 28 2014 Olympics in Sochi
- 29 The entry of Crimea into Russia
Mother Maria Ivanovna
Vladimir Putin’s mother, Maria Ivanovna Shelomova, was a very gentle, benevolent person.
“We lived modestly. Therefore, cabbage soup, cutlets were made and pancakes. And on Sundays and holidays, my mother baked pies with cabbage, with meat, with rice and cheesecakes, very tasty, ”Putin says.
Mom did not approve of his decision to practice judo. “Every time I went to training, she said: I went to fight again.”
The situation was corrected by his coach, who came home and told his parents what he was doing, what successes he had achieved, after which the attitude towards this sport in the family changed.
Father Vladimir Spiridonovich
Vladimir Putin’s father, Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin, was a participant in the war; in the 1950s he served in the guards of a car-building plant, and later was a foreman at the plant.
“Father was born in St. Petersburg in 1911. When the First World War began, it became difficult to live in St. Petersburg, hungry, and the whole family left for the village of Pominovo in the Tver region, to my grandmother’s homeland. The house where they lived, by the way, is still standing, relatives go there to rest. There, in Pominovo, my father met my mother. They got married when they were 17 years old,” Putin says.
After the war, the Putin family settled in a room in a communal apartment, in an ordinary St. Petersburg house in Baskov Lane. Vladimir Putin recalls: “The yard is a well, the fifth floor without an elevator. Before the war, my parents had half a house in Peterhof. They were very proud of the standard of living that they then achieved. But what level was that? But it seemed to them that this was almost the ultimate dream.
Was a bully, not a pioneer
From 1960 to 1968, Vladimir Putin studied at eight-year school No. 193 in Leningrad. After the eighth grade, he entered secondary school No. 281 (a special school with a chemical bias based on the Institute of Technology), which he graduated in 1970.
Teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich
From the first to the eighth grade, Vladimir Putin studied at the 193rd school. He recalls being a bully, not a pioneer.
His teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich said: “In the 5th grade, he still did not show himself very well, but I felt that he had potential, energy, character. I saw a great interest in the language, he easily grasped. He had a very good memory, a flexible mind. I thought this boy would be good. I decided to pay more attention to him, not to give him the opportunity to communicate with the yard boys.
Search for priorities
Until the sixth grade, Putin did not have much interest in studying. His teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich understood that the boy could study better without triples.
She even met with his father so that he would somehow influence his son. But that didn’t help much. Vladimir Putin himself has dramatically changed his attitude towards classes in the sixth grade.
Putin says: “Other priorities have already begun to appear, I had to assert myself in sports, achieve something, other goals appeared. It certainly made a big difference.»
Potential, energy, character
In the sixth grade, Putin set himself the goal of achieving something in life. He began to study without triples, which was easy for him. Then he was accepted as a pioneer, and immediately after that he became chairman of the detachment council.
“It became clear that yard skills were not enough, and I started playing sports. But even this resource was not enough to maintain their, so to speak, status for a short time. It was also necessary to study well, ”Putin says.
Leningrad State University and Higher School of the KGB
In 1970, Vladimir Putin entered the law faculty of Leningrad State University, graduating in 1975. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Putin graduated from the Moscow Higher School of the KGB No. 1.
Sailor? Pilot? Scout
Even before Vladimir Putin graduated from high school, he had a desire to work in intelligence. To find out how they become scouts, he went to the reception of the KGB Directorate. There he was told that first he needed to either serve in the army or graduate from a university, preferably a law school.
“And from that moment I began to prepare for the law faculty of Leningrad University,” says Putin.
Other Incentives, Other Values
In 1970, Vladimir Putin entered the law faculty of Leningrad State University. “The course consisted of 100 people, and only 10 of them were taken right after school. The rest — after the army. Therefore, for us, schoolchildren, the competition was about 40 people per place. I got a B in my essay, but I passed all the rest with A and passed,” Putin says.
“When I started studying at the university, there were other incentives, other values, I mainly focused on my studies, and I already treated sports as a secondary matter. But I trained, of course, regularly, and participated in all-Union competitions, although somehow out of inertia, or something, ”he recalls.
State Security Bodies
After Putin graduated from Leningrad State University, he was assigned to work in the state security agencies. “My idea of the KGB was based on romantic stories about the work of intelligence officers,” Putin says.
He was registered first with the secretariat of the Directorate, then with the counterintelligence unit, where he worked for about five months. Six months later, he was sent to retraining courses for operational personnel.
For about six months, Putin worked in the counterintelligence unit.
It was then that foreign intelligence officers paid attention to him. “Quite quickly, he left for special training in Moscow, where he stayed for a year. Then he returned to Leningrad again, worked there, as they used to say, in the first department. The first main department is intelligence. This department had divisions in major cities of the Union, including Leningrad. I worked there for about four and a half years,” he recalls.
Then Putin again went to Moscow to study at the Andropov Red Banner Institute, where he was prepared for a trip to Germany.
Wedding and Germany
There was something about him…
After graduating from the Andropov Red Banner Institute, where Vladimir Putin was prepared for a trip to Germany, in 1985 he left for the GDR and worked there until 1990. But before leaving, more than one important event happened in his life …
Vladimir Putin and Lyudmila Shkrebneva were introduced by a mutual friend. Lyudmila worked as a flight attendant on domestic flights and flew with a friend to Leningrad for three days.
“Somehow, when I was already working in the first division in St. Petersburg, a friend called me and said that he was inviting me to the theater for Arkady Raikin. He has tickets, the girls will. We went. The girls really were. The next day we went back to the theater. I already got tickets. And the same for the third. I started dating one of them. We became friends. With Luda, my future wife,” Putin says.
“Something, apparently, in Volodya was such that attracted me. Three or four months later, I already decided that he was exactly the person I needed, ”recalls Lyudmila. Three years after they met, Vladimir proposed to Lyudmila. “I realized that if I don’t get married for another two or three years, I’ll never get married. Although, of course, the habit of bachelor life has developed. Lyudmila eradicated it,” Putin admits.
On July 28, 1983, they got married.
Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin were married until 2013.
Daughters Maria and Katerina
In 1985, before leaving for Germany, Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin had a daughter, Maria. The youngest, Katerina, was born in 1986 — already in Dresden.
Both girls were named after their grandmothers: Maria Ivanovna Putina and Ekaterina Tikhonovna Shkrebneva.
According to their mother, Lyudmila, Putin loves his daughters very much. “Not all men treat their children as touchingly as he does. And he always spoiled them, and I had to educate them, ”she says.
In 1985-1990, Vladimir Putin worked in the GDR. He served in the territorial intelligence point in Dresden. Based on his seniority, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and to the position of senior assistant to the head of the department. And in 1989 he was awarded the bronze medal «For outstanding services to the National People’s Army of the GDR.»
“I had a good job. It was considered normal if there was one promotion while working on a business trip abroad. I was promoted twice,” says Putin.
From Assistant Rector of Leningrad State University to Acting President of the Russian Federation
Leningrad – Moscow
After returning from Germany to Leningrad, Vladimir Putin, since 1990, served as assistant to the rector of Leningrad State University for international affairs. In 1996, he and his family moved to Moscow, where he began his political career.
Leningrad – St. Petersburg
In 1990, after returning from Dresden to Leningrad, Vladimir Putin got a job as an assistant to the rector of Leningrad State University for international affairs. “I gladly went “under the roof” of the Leningrad State University in order to write a Ph.D., see how it was and what, and maybe stay to work at Leningrad State University. So, in 1990, I became an assistant to the rector of the university for international relations,” Putin recalls.
Soon he became an adviser to the chairman of the Leningrad City Council.
Since June 1991, Putin began to work as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee of the St. Petersburg mayor’s office and at the same time — since 1994 — the first deputy chairman of the government of St. Petersburg.
After moving to work in the mayor’s office of Leningrad, Putin filed a report for dismissal from the KGB of the USSR.
Moscow. Premier with perspective
In 1996, Vladimir Putin moved with his family to Moscow, as he was offered the post of Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the President of the Russian Federation. “I can’t say that I didn’t love Moscow. I just loved Peter more. But Moscow, obviously, is a European city,” Putin recalls.
His career developed rapidly. In March 1997, Putin became Deputy Head of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, head of the Main Control Directorate of the President of the Russian Federation. Despite the workload, in 1997 he defended his Ph.D. thesis in economics at the St. Petersburg State Mining Institute. In May 1998, Putin was already the First Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, in July 1998 he was appointed director of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, at the same time — since March 1999 — Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
And in August 1999, Vladimir Putin became Prime Minister of the Russian Federation. This post was offered to him by the President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin.
Putin recalls it this way: “Boris Nikolaevich invited me to his place and said that he had an idea to offer me the post of Prime Minister. <…> By the way, in a conversation with me, he did not say the word «successor». Yeltsin spoke of a «premier with a perspective» that if everything went well, he would consider it possible.
According to Putin, it was interesting and honorable for him to work in this position: “I thought, well, I’ll work for a year, and that’s good. If I help save Russia from collapse, then we can be proud of it.”
Acting President of the Russian Federation
Before the new year 2000, Russian President Boris Yeltsin proposed that Vladimir Putin become acting President.
“Two or three weeks before the New Year, Boris Nikolaevich invited me to his office and said that he had decided to leave. Thus, I will have to become acting President,” recalls Putin.
According to him, it was difficult for him to make a decision, since it is «a rather difficult fate.»
“On the one hand, there are internal arguments. But there is another logic as well. Fate develops in such a way that you can work at the highest level in the country and for the country. And it is foolish to say: no, I will sell seeds, or: no, I will be engaged in private legal practice. Well, then you can do it in the end. First work here, then there,” Putin explains his choice.
December 31, 1999 Vladimir Putin becomes acting President of the Russian Federation.
President and Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
You must always think about the future, always look ahead
March 26, 2000 Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation, March 14, 2004 was elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term. On May 8, 2008, by Presidential Decree, he was appointed Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
President of Russian Federation
Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation on March 26, 2000. On May 7, 2000, he took office.
In his inaugural speech, Vladimir Putin said: «We have common goals, we want our Russia to be a free, prosperous, rich, strong, civilized country, a country that its citizens are proud of and respected in the world.»
He added that his activities will be guided solely by the state interests. “It may not be possible to avoid mistakes, but what I can and do promise is that I will work openly and honestly,” Putin said.
Elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term
On March 14, 2004, he was elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term. In his Address to the Federal Assembly on May 26, 2004, Putin, in particular, stated: “Our goals are absolutely clear. This is a high standard of living in the country, a life that is safe, free and comfortable. It is a mature democracy and a developed civil society. This is the strengthening of Russia’s position in the world, and most importantly, I repeat, a significant increase in the well-being of citizens.
Today we know our own capabilities better. We know what resources we have. We understand that in achieving these goals it can interfere with us. And we are actively modernizing the state, seeking to match its functions with the current stage of Russia’s development, a stage that provides a significantly higher standard of living.
Appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation
On May 8, 2008, Vladimir Putin was appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation.
“In recent years, Russia has grown significantly stronger. We have sufficient resource potential to solve even more complex tasks. The point is to ensure that the potential we have accumulated is used wisely, effectively and properly. For my part, I am ready to make every effort to achieve the goals. To obtain new and significant results, in the name of the country’s prosperity and a decent life for Russian citizens,» Putin said at a meeting of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
As Prime Minister
The focus should be on the person
The focus of the Prime Minister is on the person. According to Putin, power should rely only on the Russian people, and if there is no such support, then there is nothing to do in power. In November 2011, Vladimir Putin was nominated as a candidate for the President of the Russian Federation.
under personal control
Vladimir Putin took personal control of the situation in support of citizens who suffered from forest fires in the summer of 2010.
Thus, round-the-clock monitoring of the construction of houses for fire victims was organized. Surveillance cameras were installed at each significant site, working around the clock. Three monitors were brought up: one — to the Government House, the second — to Vladimir Putin’s home, and the third — to the Government’s website.
The relatives of those killed in the fires were paid 1 million rubles in compensation, and each member of the family affected by the fires was paid 100 thousand rubles. All victims of the fire before the onset of winter received new houses and apartments or, if desired, monetary compensation. 2.2 thousand families built new houses.
Vladimir Putin actively advocates the implementation of measures to develop the agro-industrial complex. “Step by step, we are becoming sovereign masters of our food and agricultural market. And all this is the result of the development of the domestic agro-industrial complex, the visible embodiment of the work of Russian grain growers, livestock breeders, and processors,” he says.
Support for military personnel and teachers is also a priority for Putin.
As President, 2012–2018
In November 2011, participants in the XII Congress of United Russia approved Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as a candidate for the President of the Russian Federation.
March 4, 2012 Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation.
“The coming years will be decisive for the fate of Russia for decades to come. And we all must understand that the life of future generations, the historical perspective of the state and our nation depend on us today,” Vladimir Putin said in his inaugural speech on May 7, 2012.
On the day he took office, the President signed 11 decrees designed to solve the most significant and sensitive problems for citizens, namely: increasing the wages of state employees while improving the quality of medical, educational and social services; improvement of living conditions, including large families and those who live in emergency homes; improvement of the work of authorities and organizations providing municipal and state services.
Constant control over the execution of the instructions formulated within the framework of the May decrees is carried out by the Commission for Monitoring the Achievement of the Target Indicators of Russia’s Socio-Economic Development, headed by the President.
2014 Olympics in Sochi
On February 7, 2014, Vladimir Putin launched the XXII Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. For their holding, 11 sports facilities with a total capacity of 200,000 seats were built in the city. In total, 380 structures were erected in the process of preparation: objects of the coastal and mountain clusters, transport, energy and hotel infrastructure.
2,876 athletes from 88 countries took part in the Games in Sochi. It was the first Winter Olympics in the history of Russia.
The entry of Crimea into Russia
On March 16, 2014, a referendum was held in Crimea, in which 96 percent of voters voted for reunification with Russia. On March 18, in the Georgievsky Hall of the Kremlin, the President addressed both chambers of the Federal Assembly with a request to consider the Constitutional Law on the admission of two new subjects to the Russian Federation: the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. The agreement on the entry of Crimea into Russia was signed immediately after the speech.
“In the minds of people, Crimea has always been and remains an integral part of Russia. This conviction, based on truth and justice, was unshakable, passed down from generation to generation, both time and circumstances were powerless before it, all the dramatic changes that our country experienced during the 20th century were powerless,” Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with deputies of the State Duma, members of the Federation Council, heads of Russian regions and representatives of civil society.
On December 6, 2017, during a visit to the GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod, the head of state announced plans to take part in the upcoming elections.
According to the results of the elections held on March 18, 2018, Vladimir Putin was re-elected to the post of President of the Russian Federation